Bertha Kalich as Miriam Friedlander in The Kreutzer Sonata. Performed on Broadway, 1906Bertha Kalich, (also spelled Kalish) (17 May 17, 1874 – 18 April 1939) was a Jewish actress, born in Lemberg, Galicia (now Lviv, Ukraine). Though she was well-established as an entertainer in Eastern Europe, she is best remembered as one of the several “larger-than-life” figures that dominated New York stages during the “Golden Age” of American Yiddish Theatre during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Historians estimate that, during her career, Kalich performed more than 125 different roles in seven different languages.
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The Entrance Hall of the Regensburg Synagogue, 1519In the muted light of an open doorway and a rosette window, two Jewish men are shown walking through the entry porch of the Regensburg synagogue. Altdorfer made two etchings of the temple just before it was destroyed on February 22, 1519: this view and one of the interior nave. Emperor Maximilian had long been a protector of the Jews in the imperial cities, extracting from them substantial taxes in exchange. Within weeks of his death, however, the city of Regensburg, which blamed its economic troubles on its prosperous Jewish community, expelled the Jews. Altdorfer, a member of the Outer Council, was one of those chosen to inform the Jews that they had two hours to empty out the synagogue and five days to leave the city. The date of the demolition inscribed at the top of the print suggests that Altdorfer made the preparatory sketches, as well as the etchings themselves, with the knowledge that the building was to be destroyed. The prints appear to have been quickly produced, quite possibly during the five days prior to the temple’s destruction: the plate was not evenly etched, particularly in the areas of dense hatching, where the individual lines lose clarity. In addition, the slightly tipsy vaults appear to have been traced freehand rather than with a compass. Despite the seemingly sensitive portrayal, the print was not intended as a sympathetic rendering of an aspect of Jewish culture, but rather as a much more dispassionate recording of the site. It is thus the first portrait of an actual architectural monument in European printmaking.
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Queen Esther hears of the Decree against the JewsEsther (/ˈɛstər/; Hebrew: אֶסְתֵּר, Modern Ester Tiberian ʼEstēr), (Persian: Ester), born Hadassah, is the eponymous heroine of the Biblical Book of Esther.
According to the Bible, she was a Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus. Ahasuerus is traditionally identified with Xerxes I during the time of the Achaemenid empire. Her story is the basis for the celebration of Purim in Jewish tradition.
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Shoes of Barney GreenmanBarney Greenman, born March 1940, and his mother were killed at Auschwitz.
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Cyrus freeing the Jews from the Babylonian captivity, Johann Andreas Thelot (1655–1734)
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Cup of ElijahBohemian glass goblet for the Passover Seder, depicting scenes from Elijah’s life.
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tzilahjewishcultureandhistory:


Jewish Oslo, part 1
There were several Jewish things to be seen in Oslo, but as a whole it was really, really small. There is one Synagogue still in use [x], since 2004 there is a Chabad house, and there is one historical Synagogue (one year younger than the one that is still used) that has been turned into a Jewish museum several years ago. There is also the Center for Holocaust studies and Religious Minorities, which has an exhibition about the Shoah in Norway. Well…. and that was basically it.
I was happy to find out the Jewish museum was an initiative by Norwegian Jews. In the future they hope to restore the Synagogue to its former glory (now most of the walls have been painted over and the ceiling has been lowered, leaving it with no women’s section), I really hope they will be able to do this! The elderly man at the museum was really nice, as a child he used to go to services in this Synagogue with his parents and brother. During the Shoah he was forced to flee with his mother and brother from Oslo through the forests to Sweden. This was of course very dangerous, the forests are completely dark at night, in the winter it is very cold and you were really dependant on other people to help you: knowledgable nature guides, people who were willing to smuggle you in the back of their car, people who allowed you to sleep over in their houses. He was trying to trace the route they travelled back then and he told me that this friday he would meet a women who remembered that her parents gave shelter to them on their way to Sweden.
He also told me a lot about the Norwegian Jewish community, but I will write about that in a seperate posts… :-)
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Amateur brass band. Kalinindorf Jewish National region, Ukraine, 1936. [Photo by P. Ganin]
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Director Mark Rubinshteyn and actors of the State Jewish Theatre of Birobidzhan. 1934
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